Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: The Past Centuries
The hardwood furniture style guide shows the most prevalent styles of wood furniture of the past centuries. This guide is not be be confused with upholstered furniture styles which are quite different. Upholstered furniture is furniture that is usually covered in some type of fabric.
The Hardwood Furniture Style Guide History
An English style of furniture, which is medieval in appearance with straight lines, rigid designs, sturdy construction, ornate carvings and a dark finish. Much of the early American furniture was patterned after this style.
Early American (1640-1700)
Rudimentary utilitarian furniture made from local woods. It was brought from or modeled after European furniture styles, particularly from England, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Spain.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: William And Mary
William and Mary (1690-1725)
Named after William and Mary of England (1689-1694). It has Dutch and Chinese influences and is characterized by trumpet turned legs terminating in a ball or Spanish foot, padded or caned chair seats, and Oriental lacquer-work.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Queen Anne
Queen Anne (1700-1755)
Named after Queen Anne of England who reigned from 1702-1714. The Queen Anne style is a refinement of the William and Mary style with a moderately proportioned, graceful appearance. It is characterized by cabriole legs terminating in a pad or drake foot, fiddle-back chair back, and bat wing shaped drawer pulls.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Colonial
Combined the furniture style characteristics of William and Mary, Queen Anne, and Chippendale. Colonial furniture tended to be more conservative and less ornate than English and European furniture of the same style period.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Georgian Design
Named after George I and George II who reigned England from 1714-1760. Georgian furniture is a more ornate version of Queen Anne. It is characterized by heavier proportions, elaborately carved cabriole legs terminating in a pad or ball-and-claw foot, ornate carvings, pierced back splats, and the use of gilding.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania Dutch (1720-1830)
A simple, utilitarian American country style of furniture with Germanic influences. It is characterized by colorful folk painting on case pieces.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Chippendale
Named after British designer and cabinet maker Thomas Chippendale, who published his furniture designs in “The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director” in 1754. The Chippendale style can be classified into three types: French influence, Chinese influence, and Gothic influence. In the United States, the Chippendale style was a more elaborate development of the Queen Anne style with cabriole legs, ball-and-claw foot, and broken pediment scroll top on tall case pieces.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Robert Adam
Robert Adam (1760-1795)
Named for architect Robert Adam who studied ancient architecture in Italy. While in England, he designed furniture with classical details that would fit the character of his classically designed homes. The Adam style was limitedly reproduced by cabinetmakers in the United States. Adam interior millwork and woodwork was reproduced in South Carolina.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Hepplewhite
Named after English designer and cabinetmaker George Hepplewhite whose designs in “Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterers Guide” were published posthumously in 1788. The Hepplewhite style is neoclassic and was reproduced in the United States particularly in the Carolinas, Maryland, New England, New York and Virginia. It is characterized by a delicate appearance, tapered legs and the use of contrasting veneers and inlay.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: The Federal
Combined the neoclassic furniture style characteristics of Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Hepplewhite and Sheraton. It is characterized by graceful straight lines, light construction, tapered legs, and the use of inlay, and contrasting veneers.
Named for English designer Thomas Sheraton who published his designs in Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: “The Cabinet Makers and Upholsterers Drawing Book” in 1791. This Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will tell you that it is a neoclassical style characterized by delicate straight lines, light construction, contrasting veneers and neoclassical motifs and ornamentation. The Sheraton style was the most reproduced style in the United States during the Federal period.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Duncan Phyfe
Duncan Phyfe (1795-1848)
Named after American cabinetmaker Duncan Phyfe. The Duncan Phyfe style, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will show, is considered by some art historians as more of an adaptation and refinement of Adam, Sheraton, Hepplewhite, and Empire than a style in itself. This Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will tell you that it is characterized by carved or reeded legs and neoclassic motifs.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: American Empire
American Empire (1800-1840)
Patterned after French Empire with classical influences. This Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will tell you this is moderate in proportion with classical ornamentation, coarse carving, and a dark finish, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will show.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: The Early Styles
A simple and utilitarian style produced by the religious group, the United Society of Believers, in self-contained communities within the United States. Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will show it is characterized by straight tapered legs, woven square chair seats and mushroom shaped wooden knobs.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Victorian
Named for Queen Victoria of England who reigned from 1837-1901. The Victorian style, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will show, draws its influence from gothic forms with heavy proportions, dark finish, elaborate carving, and ornamentation. The Victorian period, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will prove, was the first furniture style of mass production.
Arts and Craft (1880-1910)
The Arts and Craft, this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will claim, is characterized by simple utilitarian design and construction. Arts and Craft style furniture is also referred to as Mission, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide proves.
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide: Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau (1890-1910)
A naturalistic style characterized by intricately detailed patterns and curving lines, as this Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will tell you.
Scandinavian Contemporary (1930-1950)
A simple utilitarian design style, this
Hardwood Furniture Style Guide will prove, is in natural wood popularized by Danish and Swedish designers.